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lentiCRISPRv2-and-lentiGuide-oligo-cloning-protocol

lentiviral crispr toolbox for free

lentiCRISPRv2-and-lentiGuide-oligo-cloning-protocol

lentiCRISPRv2-and-lentiGuide-oligo-cloning-protocol

lentiCRISPRv2-and-lentiGuide-oligo-cloning-protocol

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rev20140722 LentiCRISPRv2 and lentiGuide-Puro: lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 and single guide RNA

CRISPR (C lustered R egularly I nterspaced S hort P alindromic R epeats) is a microbial nuclease system involved in defense against invading phages and plasmids. CRISPR loci in microbial hosts contain a combination of CRISPR-associated (Cas) genes as well as non-coding RNA elements capable of programming the specificity of the CRISPR-mediated nucleic acid cleavage. Lentiviral CRISPR/Cas can infect a broad variety of mammalian cells by co-expressing a mammalian codon-optimized Cas9 nuclease along with a single guide RNA (sgRNA) to facilitate genome editing (Shalem*, Sanjana*, et al., Science 2014). Protocols for cloning into the lentiviral transfer plasmid and general considerations for producing lentivirus are described below. Separate protocols are available for amplifying the genome-scale CRISPR knock-out (GeCKO) libraries. This protocol is for creating individual lentiviral CRISPR plasmids targeting a single genomic locus.

lentiCRISPRv2 (one vector system): This plasmid contains two expression cassettes, hSpCas9 and the chimeric guide RNA. The vector can be digested using BsmB I, and a pair of annealed oligos can be cloned into the single guide RNA scaffold. The oligos are designed based on the target site sequence (20bp) and needs to be flanked on the 3' end by a 3bp NGG PAM sequence, as shown on the next page.

lentiGuide-Puro (two vector system): This plasmid expressed only the chimeric guide RNA. It does not contain Cas9. Please use lentiCas9-Blast (a separate lentiviral construct that delivers hSpCas9 and blasticidin resistance) to first integrate Cas9 into your cell line. The lentiGuide-Puro vector can be digested using BsmB I, and a pair of annealed oligos can be cloned into the single guide RNA scaffold. The oligos are designed based on the target site sequence (20bp) and needs to be flanked on the 3' end by a 3bp NGG PAM sequence, as shown on the next page. Which vector to use: lentiCRISPRv2 is identical to the original lentiCRISPRv1 but produces nearly 10X higher titer

virus. lentiGuide-Puro produces >100X higher titer virus over lentiCRISPRv1 and should be used in cell lines where Cas9 has already been integrated in (e.g. using the separate lentiCas9-Blast lentivirus). For applications where Cas9 cannot first be introduced (e.g. primary cells), lentiCRISPRv2 is recommended. After transduction, use puromycin to select for cells with lentiCRISPRv2 or lentiGuide-Puro.

Lentiviral production: Before starting any lentiviral work, please ensure compliance with your Environmental Health and Safety office and government/organization/university. Briefly, to make lentivirus, a transfer plasmid (e.g. lentiCRISPRv2 or lentiGuide-Puro) must be co-transfected into HEK293(F)T cells with the packaging plasmids pVSVg (AddGene 8454) and psPAX2 (AddGene 12260). As a positive control for viral production, we often use a CMV-EGFP lentiviral transfer plasmid (eg. AddGene 19319).

Target design notes and online resources: For application of Cas9 for site-specific genome editing in eukaryotic cells and organisms, we have computationally identified suitable target sites for the S. pyogenes Cas9 and calculated most likely off-targets within the genome. Please visit http://doc.xuehai.net to access these Cas9 target design tools. Complete plasmid sequences, protocols, a discussion forum and additional information can be found at the Zhang Lab GeCKO website: http://doc.xuehai.net/gecko/ . Citation: Please reference the following publications for the use of this material.

Improved lentiviral vectors and genome-wide libraries for CRISPR screening. Sanjana NE*, Shalem O*, Zhang F. Nature Methods (2014).

Genome-scale CRISPR-Cas9 knockout screening in human cells. Shalem O*, Sanjana NE*, Hartenian E, Shi X, Scott DA, Mikkelsen T, Heckl D, Ebert BL, Root DE, Doench JG, Zhang F (2014). Science , 343, 83-7. DOI: 10.1126/science.1247005

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