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自考语言学 复习资料(2011,12年真题、答案,填空,论述题等)

2011年1月广东省高等教育自学考试英语语言学 问卷 (课程代码06422)

I.Blank-filling (20%)

Fill in the following blanks with a word ,whose initial letter has been given.

1. The 3 branches of phonetics are labeled articulatory phonetics ,auditory phonetics ,and a__________ phonetics.

2. When 2 different forms are identical in every way except for one sound segment which occurs in the same place in the strings ,they are said to be in a m_________ pair .

3. R__________ motivation refers to the fact that learners learn a second language for external purposes .

4. Later Noam Chomsky prefers this innate endowment as UG ,i.e. U_____ Grammar.

5. In "NP → (Deg )A(pp) ", the dots in the rule indicate that other c________ options are available .

6. The articulatory apparatus of human being are contained in 3 important areas :the p______ cavity,the oral cavity ,and the nasal cavity.

7. L________ refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community .

8. H________ refers to the sense relation between a more general ,more inclusive word and a more specific word .

9. The description of a language at a given point in time is a s______ study.

10. The study of how speakers of a language use sentences to effect successful communication is called p_________.

11. The structure corresponding to the final syntactic output of the sentence which results from appropriate transformations is called s______ structure.

12. The term d________, first used by Ferguson in 1959,refers to a sociolinguistic situation similar to bilingualism .

13. Learners' independent system of the second language which is of neither the second language is known as i______.

14. The sound [p]in pit is pronounced with a strong puff of air, which is said to be a________.

15. C_______ model states that in word comprehension words are analyzed by hearers from beginning to end.

16. S______ is concerned with the inherent meaning of the linguistic form and is the collection of all the features of the linguistic form .

17. Major lexical categories are Noun, Verb , Adjective , and P___________.

18. S_______ is the sub-field of linguistics that studies the relation between linguistic and society between the uses of language and social structures.

19. P________ is concerned with the progress of language comprehension and production.

20. Linguistics studies not any particular language ,but languages in g____.

II. Multiple choice(20%)

Choose the best answer to the following items.

21. __refers to the study of the internal structure of words and the rules by which words are formed .

A.Syntax B. Etymology C. Lexicology D. Morphology

22. ___ aims to discover how speech sounds in a language form patterns and how these

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