学海网 文档下载 文档下载导航
设为首页 | 加入收藏
搜索 请输入内容:  
 导航当前位置: 文档下载 > 所有分类 > 0507 北美Viewpoint:Air-conditioning Will Be the End of Us
免费下载此文档

0507 北美Viewpoint:Air-conditioning Will Be the End of Us

SAT考试写作真题及范文

As you read the passage below, consider how Eric Klinenberg uses:

1. Evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

2. Reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

3. Stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion,

to add power to the ideas expressed.

Adapted from Eric Klinenberg, “Viewpoint:air-conditioning will be the end of us” published by Times.

1.Earlier this week, as the temperature in New York City hit the upper 90s and the heat index

topped 100, my utility provider issued a heat alert and advised customers to use air-conditioning “wisely.” It was a nice, polite gesture but also an utterly ineffectual one.

After all, despite our other green tendencies, most Americans still believe that the wise way to use air conditioners is to crank them up, cooling down every room in the house — or even better, relax in the cold blasts of a movie theater or shopping mall, where someone else pays the bills. Today Americans use twice as much energy for air-conditioning as we did 20 years ago, and more than the rest of the world’s nations combined. As a climate-change adaptation strategy, this is as dumb as it gets.

2.I’m hardly against air-conditioning. During heat waves, artificial cooling can save the lives of

old, sick and frail people, and epidemiologists have shown that owning an AC unit is one of the strongest predictors of who survives during dangerously hot summer weeks. I’ve long advocated public-health programs that help truly vulnerable people, whether isolated elders in broiling urban apartments or farm workers who toil in sunbaked fields, by giving them easy access to air-conditioning.

3.I also recognize that air conditioners can enhance productivity in offices and make factories

safer for workers who might otherwise wilt in searing temperatures. Used conservatively —say, to reduce indoor temperatures to the mid-70s in rooms that, because of shortsighted design, cannot be cooled by cross-ventilation from fans and windows — air conditioners may well generate enough benefits to balance the indisputable, irreversible damage they generate.

But in most situations, the case for air-conditioning is made of hot air.

4.What’s indefensible is our habit of converting homes, offices and massive commercial outlets

into igloos on summer days, regardless of how hot it is outdoors. Recently, New York City prohibited stores from pumping arctic air out onto the searing sidewalks in an attempt to lure customers while burning through fossil fuels in suicidal fashion. I can’t help but wonder whether cities like New York will ever prohibit stores from cooling their facilities below, say, 70°F. No doubt a law like that would raise even more objections than Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s attempt to ban big sodas, but it might well be necessary if we can’t turn down the dial on our own.

5.I’m skeptical that American businesses and consumers will reduce their use of

air-conditioning without new rules and regulations, especially now that natural gas has helped bring down energy bills and the short-term costs of cranking the AC are relatively low.

Part of the problem is that in recent decades, the fastest-growing U.S. cities — places like Las Vegas, Phoenix and Austin — have effectively been built on air-conditioning. (This is

第1页

免费下载Word文档免费下载:0507 北美Viewpoint:Air-conditioning Will Be the End of Us

(下载1-2页,共2页)

TOP相关主题

我要评论

站点地图 | 文档上传 | 侵权投诉 | 手机版
新浪认证  诚信网站  绿色网站  可信网站   非经营性网站备案
本站所有资源均来自互联网,本站只负责收集和整理,均不承担任何法律责任,如有侵权等其它行为请联系我们.
文档下载 Copyright 2013 doc.xuehai.net All Rights Reserved.  email
返回顶部