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广东省九中九级英语全册《unit 7 where would you like to visitthe louvre》文章素材

广东省九中九级英语全册《unit 7 where would you like to visitthe louvre》文章素材

《Unit 7 Where would you like to visit-The Louvre》文章

素材

The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. The building, a former royal palace, lies in the centre of Paris, between the Seine river and the Rue de Rivoli. Its central c ourtyard, now occupied by the Louvre glass pyramid, lies in the axis of the Champs-Élysées, and thus forms the nucleus from which the Axe historique springs. Part of the royal Palace of the Louvre was first opened to the public as a museum on November 8, 1793, during the French Revolution.

The building

The first royal "Castle of the Louvre" on this site was founded by Philippe II in 1190, as a fortress to defend Paris on its west against Viking attacks. In the 14th century, Charles V turned it into a palace, but Francois I and Henri II tore it down to build a real p alace; the found ations of the original fortress tower are now under the Salle des Cariatides (Room of the Caryatids).

The existing part of the Chateau du Louvre was begun in 1546. The architect Pierre Lescot introduced to Paris the new design vocabulary of the Re naissance, which had been developed in the chateaux of the Loire. His new wing for the old castle defined its status, as the first among the roy al palaces. J. A. du Cerceau also worked on the Louvre.

During his reign (1589 - 1610), King Henri IV added the Grande Galerie. More than a quarter of a mile long and one hundred feet wide, this huge addition was built along the bank of the Seine River and at the time was the longest edifice of its kind in the world. Henri IV, a promoter of the arts, invited hundreds of artists and craftsmen to live and work on the building's lower floors. This tradition continued for another two hundred years until Napoleon ended it.

Architect Claude Perrault's eastern wing (1665 - 1680), crowned by an uncompromising Italian balustrade along its distinctly non-French flat roof, was a ground-breaking departu re in French architecture. His severe design was chosen

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